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Fact Sheet and Flora/Fauna List

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Wildlife/General description of habitat: Currently habitat for a variety of native terrestrial and non-terrestrial species as well as stop-over habitat for migrating waterfowl. The Preserve’s location on Spring Creek provides an important year-round water supply for wildlife and does provide some habitat for ground-nesting birds.

Habitat for uncommon species: Swainson’s warbler has been located near this southern Montgomery County Spring Creek area. And a dwarf salamander, an uncommon amphibian, was located on the tract.

Vegetation General Description: This bottomland hardwood area has a thick understory with a number of trees and plants similar to the east Texas Big Thicket; therefore this area is often called “The Little Thicket”, as it is the western-most edge that the vegetation of the Big Thicket survives.

Notable trees: The tract has a high diversity of native tree species including: an especially notable magnolia on the southeastern edge of the property, a Black Gum on the western edge of the tract, an unusually high number of young stand mockernut trees and very large Hercules club trees from a height standpoint (35 ft. tall).

BIRDS:
Turkey Vulture, Cathartes aura
Red-shouldered Hawk, Buteo lineatus
Broad-winged Hawk, Buteo platypterus *
Mourning Dove, Zenaida macroura
Eastern Screech-Owl, Otus asio
Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris *
Red-headed Woodpecker, Melanerpes erythrocephalus
Red-bellied Woodpecker, Melanerpes carolinus
Downy Woodpecker, Picoides pubescens
Pileated Woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus
Empidonax flycatcher species, Empidonax *
Eastern Kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus *
Blue Jay, Cyanocitta cristata
American Crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos
Carolina Chickadee, Parus carolinensis
Tufted Titmouse, Parus bicolor
Carolina Wren, Thryothorus ludovicianus
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea *
Northern Mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos
White-eyed Vireo, Vireo griseu *
Pine Warbler, Dendroica pinus
Prothonotary Warbler, Protonotaria citrea *
Hooded Warbler, Wilsonia citrina *
Northern Cardinal, Cardinalis cardinalis

* Neotropic migrant

MAMMALS:
White-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus
Opossum, Didelphis virginianus
Armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus
Feral hog, Sus scrofa
Flying Squirrel, Glaucomys volans
Striped Skunk, Mephitis mephitis

AMPHIBIANS: Cricket Frog, Acris crepitans
Gulf Coast Toad, Bufo nebulifer
Bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana
Bronze Frog, Rana clamitans
Southern Leopard Frog, Rana sphenocephala
Rio Grande Chirping Frog, Syrrhophus cystignathoides campii
Dwarf salamander, Eurycea quadridigitata

REPTILES:
Ground Skink, Scincella lateralis

INSECTS:
Gulf fritillary, Agraulis vanillae
Red-Banded Hairstreak, Calycopis cecrops
Common Whitetail (dragonfly), Libellula lydia
Bluet (damselfly), Enallagma sp.

FISH:
Gambusia sp.

TREES:
* = non-native ** = very invasive

River birch, Betula nigra
Sweetgum, Liquidambar styraciflua
Water oak, Quercus nigra
American elm, Ulmas Americana
Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis
Black willow, Salix nigra
American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana
Loblolly pine, Pinus taeda
Eastern cottonwood, Populus deltoids
Shortleaf pine, Pinus echinata
American holly, Ilex opaca
Cherry laurel, Prunus caroliniana
Southern magnolia, Magnolia grandiflora
Redbay, Persea borbonia
Devil’s walking stick, Aralia spinosa
Water hickory, Carya aquatica
Carolina basswood, Tilia carolina
Eastern hophornbeam, Ostrya virginiana
Southern redoak, Quercus falcata
Winged elm, Ulmus alata
Chinese tallow, Triadica sebifera**
Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis
Red mulberry, Morus rubra
Mockernut hickory, Carya tomentosa
Shinning sumac, Rhus coppallina
Sugarberry, Celtis laevigata
Black hickory, Carya texana
Hercules club, Zanthoxylum clavaherculis
Chinaberry, Melia azedarach*
Smooth sumac, Rhus glabra
Cherrybark oak, Quercus falcata var. pagodaefolia
Palmetto, Sabal minor
Sassafras, Sassafras albidum
Bumelia, Bumelia lanuginose
Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica
Ligustrum, Ligustrum japonicum**
Trifoliate orange, Poncirus trifoliate
Yaupon, Ilex vomitoria
Possumhaw, Ilex decidua
Chinese privet, Ligustrum sinense**
Blackjack oak, Quercus marilandica
Water elm, Planera aquatica
Eastern redbud, Cercis canadensis
Fringetree, Chionanthus virginicus
Carolina Silverbell, Halesia diptera

SHRUBS
Eastern Baccharis, Baccharis halimifolia
Chinese Privet, Ligustrum sinese *
American Beautyberry, Callicarpa americana
Arrowwood, Viburnum dentatum
Rattlebush, Sesbania drummondii
Sebastian Bush, Sebastiania fruticosa
St Andrew’s Cross, Hypericum hypericoides
Farkleberry, Vaccinium arvoreum
Japanese Privet, Ligustrum japonicum
Waxleaf Ligustrum, Ligustrum quihoui
Native Privet, Forestera ligustrina

FERNS
Woodfern, Dryopertis sp.
Japanese Climbing Fern, Lygodium japonicum

FORBS:
False Mint, Dicliptera brachiota
Ebony Spleenwort, Asplenium platyneuron
Common Ragweed, Ambrosia artemisiifolia
Giant Ragweed, Ambrosia trifida
Aster sp., Aster sp.
Tickseed Sunflower, Bidens aristosa
Horseherb, Calyptocarpus vialis
Yerba de Tojo, Eclipta prostrata
Leafy Elephant-Foot, Elephantopus carolinianus
Dog Fennel, Eupatorium capillifolium
Blue Mistflower, Eupatorium coelestium
Late-Flowering Boneset, Eupatorium Seritonum
Euthamia, Euthamia sp.
Bitterweed, Helenium amarum
Camphorweed, Heterotheca subaxillaris
Tall Goldenrod, Solidago canadensis
Cocklebur, Xanthium strumarium
Cardinal Flower, Lobelia cardinalis
Virginia Dayflower, Commelina virginica
Goatweed, Croton sp.
Wild Sensitive Plant, Chamaecrista nictitans
Tickseed, Desmodium sp.
Coral Bean, Erythrina herbacea
Bladder-Pod, Sesbania vesicaria
St. Andrew's Cross, Hypericum hypericoides
Turk's-Cap, Malvaviscus arboreus var. drummondii
Arrowleaf Sida, Sida rhombifolia
Shrubby Water-Primrose, Ludwigia octovalis
Pokeweed, Phytolacca americana
Swamp Smartweed, Polygonum hydropiperoides
Southern Dewberry, Rubus trivialis
Buttonweed, Diodia teres
Licorice Weed, Scoparia dulcis
Gerardia sp., Agalinis sp.
Carolina Horse-Nettle, Solanum carolinense
Sphagnum Moss, Sphagnum fimbriatum
Brazilian vervain, Verbena brasiliensis*
Jack-in-the-pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
White Smartweed, Polygonum sp.
Ohio Spiderwort, Tradescantia ohiensis
Water Primrose, Ludwigia octovalis
Lizard’s-tail, Saururus cernuus
Showy Sida, Sida lindheimeri
Texas Aster, Symphyotricum drummondii
False Ragweed, Parthenium hysterophorus
Delta Arrowhead, Sagittaria platyphylla (very large)
American Pondweed, Potamogeton nodosus
Creeping Spotflower, Acmella oppositifolia
Soft Golden Aster, Chrysopsis pilosa
Golden Aster, Heterotheca subaxillaris
Sow Thistle, Sonchus oleraceus
Wooly Croton, Croton capitatus
Henbit, Lamium amplexicaule
Water Plantain, Alisma plantago-aquatica
Dogfennel, Eupatorium capillifolium

GRASSES
Cherokee Sedge, Carex cherokeensis
Deep-rooted sedge, Cyperus entrerianus **
Sedge sp. (Has a sharp angled stem), Cyperus sp.
Giant Cane, Arundinaria gigantea
Inland Sea Oats, Chasmanthium latifolium
Jungle Rice, Echinochloa colona*
Coast Cockspur Grass, Echinochloa walteri
Ryegrass sp., Elymus sp.
Lovegrass sp., Eragrostis sp.
Woodland Oats, Chasmanthium
Switch Grass, Panicum virgatum
Native Bamboo, Arundinaria gigantea
Openflower Dichanthelium, Dichanthelium laxiflorum
Scribner Rosettegrass, Dichanthelium oligosanthes
Canadian Wild Rye, Elymus canadensis

VINES
Poison Ivy, Toxicodendron radicans
Wooly Pipevine, Aristolochia tomentosa
Milkvine, Matelea gonocarpa
Climbing Hempweed, Mikania scandens
Cross-Vine, Bignonia capreolata
Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica*
Sharp-Pod Morning Glory, Ipomoea trichocarpa
Whitestar, Ipomoea lacunosa
Melonette, Melothria pendula
Showy Dodder, Cuscuta indecora
Pink Wild Bean, Strophostyles umbellata
Japanese Climbing Fern, Lycopodium japonicum*
Carolina Snailseed, Cocculus carolinus
Yellow Passionvine, Passiflora lutea
Ladies' Eardrops, Brunnichia ovata
Catbrier SP., Smilax sp.
Virginia Creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia
Muscadine Grape, Vitis rotundifolia
Mustang Grape, Vitis mustangensis
Peppervine, Ampelopsis arborea
Southern Dewberry, Rubus trivialis
Frost Grape, Vitis cordifolia
Trumpet Creeper, Campsis radicans
Purple Passionflower, Passiflora incarnate
Perennial Wild Bean, Strophostyles leiosperma
Rattan Vine, Berchemia scandens
Hedge Bindweed, Convolvulus sepium

MUSHROOMS
Lentinus lepideus
Panus crinitis
Xeromphalina campanella
Stereum ostrea
Stereum complicatum
Ganoderma lucidum

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